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Showing posts with label STD 1 TO 10 TEXTBOOKS. Show all posts
Showing posts with label STD 1 TO 10 TEXTBOOKS. Show all posts

Tuesday, October 6, 2020

National Secondary Education Campaign supplementary literature STD 10th

 National Secondary Education Campaign supplementary literature STD 10th


     The objective of the National Secondary Education Campaign (RSMA) is to expand and improve the standards of secondary education - Classes 9 to 10. National Secondary Education Campaign by specifying a secondary school (up to class 10) within an area of ​​5 km for each adjoining country. Will also take secondary education to the corner. The National Secondary Education Campaign (RMSA) is the latest initiative of the Government of India to achieve the goal of Universalization of Secondary Education.

The Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan was set up by the government to bring elementary education to millions of children which has been hugely successful and hence the need to strengthen the structure of secondary education across the country. The campaign (RMSA) is also said to have launched plans to implement it at a total cost of Rs.20,120 crore during the 11th 

    Std. Matter of providing supplementary literature (exemplar) for students from 9th to 12th.
According to the above subject, due to the current Koro epidemic, it is not possible to start educational work by calling students in schools. Therefore, students are being imparted home based education through various mediums under home learning program.

In the current situation, if students are given supplementary literature along with the textbook, students can stay at home and practice more. Soft copy of supplementary literature (Exemplar) of Chemistry, Physics, Biology, Mathematics subject in Std-9 and 10 Mathematics-Science subjects and Std-11 and 12 Science streams prepared by Gujarat State School Textbook Board, Gandhinagar for this purpose. In PDF format which is sent by the office here on the first Saturday of every month as per the syllabus of that month. The research is accompanied by a soft copy (PDF) of the October Supplementary Literature (Example) attached.

Through teachers Std. 9 and 10 and Std. 11 and 12 (science stream) students are asked to deliver. Students are asked to make necessary arrangements at your level to ensure proper guidance on the use of this literature.

Initiation of new secondary schools / higher secondary schools in supply areas on the basis of school depiction experiment. All these buildings will have mandatory water harvesting system and will be made environmentally friendly.

• Rain harvesting systems will also be installed in existing school buildings

• Existing school buildings will also be made environmentally friendly

• New schools will also be set up in PPP style

Quality::

Provide necessary infrastructure like black board, furniture, libraries, science and mathematical laboratories, computer labs, toilet set

Appointment of additional teachers and on-the-job training of teachers.
Bridged curriculum to develop learning ability for students who have passed Class VIII
Review course to meet NCF, 2005 standards
Accommodation for teachers in rural and difficult mountainous areas
Accommodation for female teachers will be given priority

Impartiality

Free accommodation / meals for students from SC, ST, OBC and minority communities
Hostels / residential schools for babies, cash incentives, uniforms, books, separate toilets
Providing scholarships to well-endowed / needy students at secondary level

Inclusive education will be the hallmark of all activities. Efforts will be made to provide all the necessary facilities for specially able children in all schools.

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National Secondary Education Campaign supplementary literature STD 9th

 National Secondary Education Campaign supplementary literature STD 9th


The objective of the National Secondary Education Campaign (RSMA) is to expand and improve the standards of secondary education - Classes 9 to 10. National Secondary Education Campaign by specifying a secondary school (up to class 10) within an area of ​​5 km for each adjoining country. Will also take secondary education to the corner. The National Secondary Education Campaign (RMSA) is the latest initiative of the Government of India to achieve the goal of Universalization of Secondary Education (USE).

The Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan was set up by the government to bring elementary education to millions of children which has been hugely successful and hence the need to strengthen the structure of secondary education across the country. The campaign (RMSA) is also said to have launched plans to implement it at a total cost of Rs.20,120 crore during the 11th Plan.

The goal

The goal for secondary education is to make good quality education available, accessible and accessible to all young people between the ages of 14-18. With this goal in mind, the following should be achieved:

To provide secondary education within a reasonable distance of any residence, which should be 5 kilometers for secondary schools and 7-10 kilometers for higher secondary schools.
To provide access to secondary education with special references to economically weaker sections of the society, educationally backward, rural population and disabled children and other marginalized groups such as Scheduled Castes, Scheduled Tribes, Other Backward Classes and Educationally Backward Minorities (EBMs).
Goal and purpose

To meet the challenges of universalisation of secondary education (USE), there is a need for exemplary migration in the imaginary framework of secondary education. There are guiding principles in this regard; Universal access, equality and social justice, relevance and development and curriculum related and structural aspects. Universalization of secondary education provides opportunities to move towards equality. The concept of 'public school' will be promoted. If these values ​​are established in the system, Schools, including those of unsupported private schools, will contribute to the universalization of secondary education (USE) by ensuring adequate enrollment for children from disadvantaged and below poverty line (BPL) families.

Main objectives::

  • Ensuring that all secondary schools such as government / local bodies and government aided schools and other schools have physical facilities, staff and supplies as per minimum standards through financial support in appropriate regulatory procedures.
  • Proximity based on local conditions involving public education (i.e., secondary schools within 5 km and higher secondary schools within 7-10 km) / Secondary for all young persons as per standards through efficient and safe transport managements / housing facilities To improve access to education. However, these standards may be relaxed in mountainous and difficult areas. In particular, residential schools may be established in such areas.
  • To ensure that no child is deprived of satisfactory quality secondary education due to gender, socio-economic disabilities and other barriers
  • To improve the quality of secondary education resulting in the attainment of advanced intellectual, social and cultural learning
  • To ensure that all children pursuing secondary education get a good quality education
  • Achieving the above objectives will also describe the real progress towards public school system in other subjects.
  • Approaches and strategies for the secondary phase

In the context of the universalization of secondary education (USE), large-scale admissions in the form of additional schools, additional classrooms, teachers, and other facilities must be provided to meet the challenges of numbers, reliability, and quality. , Educational initiatives and effective monitoring of program implementation are required. Initially the scheme will cover up to class 10. Gradually, the higher secondary level will also be taken up, especially within two years of implementation. The strategy for universal access to secondary education and improving its quality is as follows:

Admission

There are wide disparities in education facilities in different parts of the country. There are disparities between private schools and between private and government schools. / Provision may be made for each State / Central Government keeping in view the geometrical, socio-cultural, linguistic and demographic status of the region where the Union Government is not sufficient but also where necessary.

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Friday, September 25, 2020

learn about Use of technology in primary school education

 

Educational devices projector

In ancient times the classroom meant only utterances and listening which included a blackboard, squares and textbooks but now a variety of interactive boards are used.

Types of projectors: slide projector filmstrip projector overhead projector


Epidioscopeslide projector:


A slide projector is a visual device. The details presented in it can be seen on the screen. Slight is a square and rectangular transparent plate with a picture. Plates, pictures, slides, text, etc., ranging from ૩ "’ ૩ "to 10" × 10 "are usually displayed on the screen and can be viewed with interest.


Advantages:


  1. Students' imagination develops.
  2. The knowledge of the textbook becomes tangible.
  3. Concepts - Interpretations are clear.
  4. The concept can be clarified through colored text and pictures.
  5. This tool is very successful in showing diagrams in science.
  6. This tool is useful for showing maps, graphs in social sciences.


FilmStrip projector

A series of 8 to 10 or more pictures taken on a plastic strip that is sequentially transparent on any subject is called a filmstrip. Pictures drawn in filmstrip can be seen on the screen in large size throughout the class. If the teacher wants, he can make his own color or black and white filmstrip according to his own skills.

Advantages:

Sequential films can be shown as per the teacher's wishes and as long as the student understands and the subject can be confirmed. Classroom life comes alive. With less effort and less cost, the teacher can prepare the filmstrip himself. The imagination of the students develops.


Overhead projector

The overhead projector is just one part of the projector. The teacher can stand in front of the class while using it. From which transparent objects of any size up to 10 "× 10" can be projected. It was first used to train soldiers during World War II.


Advantages:


  • Figures, drawings and maps can be projected.
  • There is no need to do a specific task separately.
  • The operation of an overhead projector does not require the assistance of another person.
  • The teacher is facing the class so it is easy to discuss.
  • Epidioscope The epidioscope projectes an opaque image onto the screen.
  • No other tool has the ability to project this type of opaque literature. This tool is especially important because of its unique properties.


Design of an epidioscope

An epidioscope is a metal box-like structure with bulbs, reflective mirrors, lens-1, lens-2 slide / filmstripe stand etc. in the main parts. It uses a bulb of 500 to 1000 volts. The bottom of the seat has a handle-like structure. Opaque material to be projected is placed on the seat.

Contribution / use of epidioscope in teaching process

The epidioscope is useful for projecting opaque material and transparent material such as filmstrip or slide.

Necessary reference books, magazines, newspapers as well as other opaque materials for children can be presented by placing them directly on the seat of the epidioscope.

Content that is small in size can be presented in large sizes.

Handwritten texts of great personalities can be used to display student compositions or diagrams.A picture, figure or diagram can be enlarged in the class.Can be used to display small solid opaque objects.

Taperecorder In ancient times, poetry was taught orally in a subject like Gujarati, but due to the limitations of teachers, children were not interested in it. But if the poem is recited with melody, rhythm, beat and musical instruments, the children will feel something different. Usually the teacher can use these tools in the classroom.


  • A single cassette can be used for a very long time.
  • The school becomes very useful in the cultural program.
  • Children can be motivated by presenting good speech recorded in the past.
  • The child can be informed of the pronunciation by recording his speech.
  • There remains scope for consolidation and repetition. Can be installed easily and at low cost.


Television


The usefulness of television as an effective means of education is recognized in almost all countries of the world. Effectiveness is found in the study side by its widespread use in education. It is an auditory device through which a child develops the ability to gain experience and knowledge.



Advantages


With this device the class can be kept alive. · This device can show periodic demonstrations of lessons and educational activities by GIET and BISAG.


  • Learning becomes enjoyable, active and stress-free.
  • The journey of learning becomes a journey of joy.
  • One can demonstrate historical places in a subject like social science while sitting in the classroom.
  • Students in television education are happier and happier than in classroom education. Which is everlasting.

Thus the fruits of television education can be more fruitful than systemic education.




Mobile

It is not wrong to call today's age the mobile age. Mobile is an electronic device that is readily available everywhere. In today's educational environment the mobile device is a hindrance but if used properly and disciplined it can become an educational device of teaching.

Use of mobile in education: -

Rhymes, nursery rhymes, poems, prayers etc. can be presented to the children through the use of mobile.

Since the mobile has a recording facility, the teacher can use it in the appropriate subject in the class.

In a subject like social science, teacher timeline, global time information can be presented to the class through mobile.

Through the use of mobile, cultural programs, class programs, excursions or photographs, video recordings can be done in the school.

A memory card is a storage device used in a mobile phone with a storage capacity of up to 16GB. A pen drive is a simple device used to store pen information and transfer information from one computer to another. A pen drive is a pen-like structure. Which can be easily kept in our pocket. A pen drive is a storage device in which information can be easily stored. Pen drives are currently available in the market in 4GB, 8GB, 16GB, 32GB. The invention of the pen drive - Toshiba Company (Japan) in which the teacher can use the pen drive in many ways. When using a pen drive, take special care not to transmit the virus.





Use of pen drive in school: -


A pen drive can be used to store information.

Their knowledge can be updated by presenting information like pictures, video clips, audio clips etc. downloaded from the internet in the pen drive in the classroom. Bookish knowledge alone cannot be limited.


The pen drive can be used to store the school's cultural program, photographs, video recordings, etc., and demonstrate them to other students in the future.

Pen drives can be used more easily than CDs or DVDs.

You tube downloader You tube downloader is a kind of application through which you can download every video on you tube in any format (3 GP, MP3, MP-4, WMP FLV) d. ત. keepvide, vdowloader

CD / DVD::

In today's age of technology it has become necessary to collect information while devices like CD / DVD have also become indispensable for collecting information in education. Which is used to achieve a specific purpose at the right time in the class.


DVD: - Use of DIGITAL VERSATILE DISKCD / DVD in education: -


CDs are used to store information. CD information can only be read but not rewritten. · CDs can also be used for the release of games, movies, animations, etc. · CDs have a storage capacity of 700GB.

The entire encyclopedia can be stored on the CD. · While the DVD is used as mentioned above on the CD. But its storage capacity is very high. · DVD storage capacity is 4.7GB. · CD and DVD are cheaper and more easily manipulated than any other device.

Printer

We usually feed the information into the computer and want to print it. A unit connected to a computer to print or print information is called a printer. A wide variety of printers are currently available in the market. There were black and white printers some time ago but now coloring printers are available. Such as laser printers, inkjet printers, dot matrix printers, line printers etc. can be included. Nowadays laser printers are becoming more useful.

Scanner

The scanner is one of the input tools. The scanner can be used to scan any small information and display it on the screen magnified. The modern scanner converts 4800 dots per square inch into different digits. Researchers have also made hand scanners 

IMPORTANT LINK::

STD 6 TO 8 SOCIAL SCIENCE pp

STD 6 OFFLINE APP

STD 7 OFFLINE APP

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