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Showing posts with label STD 1 TO 10 TEXTBOOKS. Show all posts
Showing posts with label STD 1 TO 10 TEXTBOOKS. Show all posts

Friday, September 25, 2020

learn about Use of technology in primary school education

 

Educational devices projector

In ancient times the classroom meant only utterances and listening which included a blackboard, squares and textbooks but now a variety of interactive boards are used.

Types of projectors: slide projector filmstrip projector overhead projector


Epidioscopeslide projector:


A slide projector is a visual device. The details presented in it can be seen on the screen. Slight is a square and rectangular transparent plate with a picture. Plates, pictures, slides, text, etc., ranging from ૩ "’ ૩ "to 10" × 10 "are usually displayed on the screen and can be viewed with interest.


Advantages:


  1. Students' imagination develops.
  2. The knowledge of the textbook becomes tangible.
  3. Concepts - Interpretations are clear.
  4. The concept can be clarified through colored text and pictures.
  5. This tool is very successful in showing diagrams in science.
  6. This tool is useful for showing maps, graphs in social sciences.


FilmStrip projector

A series of 8 to 10 or more pictures taken on a plastic strip that is sequentially transparent on any subject is called a filmstrip. Pictures drawn in filmstrip can be seen on the screen in large size throughout the class. If the teacher wants, he can make his own color or black and white filmstrip according to his own skills.

Advantages:

Sequential films can be shown as per the teacher's wishes and as long as the student understands and the subject can be confirmed. Classroom life comes alive. With less effort and less cost, the teacher can prepare the filmstrip himself. The imagination of the students develops.


Overhead projector

The overhead projector is just one part of the projector. The teacher can stand in front of the class while using it. From which transparent objects of any size up to 10 "× 10" can be projected. It was first used to train soldiers during World War II.


Advantages:


  • Figures, drawings and maps can be projected.
  • There is no need to do a specific task separately.
  • The operation of an overhead projector does not require the assistance of another person.
  • The teacher is facing the class so it is easy to discuss.
  • Epidioscope The epidioscope projectes an opaque image onto the screen.
  • No other tool has the ability to project this type of opaque literature. This tool is especially important because of its unique properties.


Design of an epidioscope

An epidioscope is a metal box-like structure with bulbs, reflective mirrors, lens-1, lens-2 slide / filmstripe stand etc. in the main parts. It uses a bulb of 500 to 1000 volts. The bottom of the seat has a handle-like structure. Opaque material to be projected is placed on the seat.

Contribution / use of epidioscope in teaching process

The epidioscope is useful for projecting opaque material and transparent material such as filmstrip or slide.

Necessary reference books, magazines, newspapers as well as other opaque materials for children can be presented by placing them directly on the seat of the epidioscope.

Content that is small in size can be presented in large sizes.

Handwritten texts of great personalities can be used to display student compositions or diagrams.A picture, figure or diagram can be enlarged in the class.Can be used to display small solid opaque objects.

Taperecorder In ancient times, poetry was taught orally in a subject like Gujarati, but due to the limitations of teachers, children were not interested in it. But if the poem is recited with melody, rhythm, beat and musical instruments, the children will feel something different. Usually the teacher can use these tools in the classroom.


  • A single cassette can be used for a very long time.
  • The school becomes very useful in the cultural program.
  • Children can be motivated by presenting good speech recorded in the past.
  • The child can be informed of the pronunciation by recording his speech.
  • There remains scope for consolidation and repetition. Can be installed easily and at low cost.


Television


The usefulness of television as an effective means of education is recognized in almost all countries of the world. Effectiveness is found in the study side by its widespread use in education. It is an auditory device through which a child develops the ability to gain experience and knowledge.



Advantages


With this device the class can be kept alive. · This device can show periodic demonstrations of lessons and educational activities by GIET and BISAG.


  • Learning becomes enjoyable, active and stress-free.
  • The journey of learning becomes a journey of joy.
  • One can demonstrate historical places in a subject like social science while sitting in the classroom.
  • Students in television education are happier and happier than in classroom education. Which is everlasting.

Thus the fruits of television education can be more fruitful than systemic education.




Mobile

It is not wrong to call today's age the mobile age. Mobile is an electronic device that is readily available everywhere. In today's educational environment the mobile device is a hindrance but if used properly and disciplined it can become an educational device of teaching.

Use of mobile in education: -

Rhymes, nursery rhymes, poems, prayers etc. can be presented to the children through the use of mobile.

Since the mobile has a recording facility, the teacher can use it in the appropriate subject in the class.

In a subject like social science, teacher timeline, global time information can be presented to the class through mobile.

Through the use of mobile, cultural programs, class programs, excursions or photographs, video recordings can be done in the school.

A memory card is a storage device used in a mobile phone with a storage capacity of up to 16GB. A pen drive is a simple device used to store pen information and transfer information from one computer to another. A pen drive is a pen-like structure. Which can be easily kept in our pocket. A pen drive is a storage device in which information can be easily stored. Pen drives are currently available in the market in 4GB, 8GB, 16GB, 32GB. The invention of the pen drive - Toshiba Company (Japan) in which the teacher can use the pen drive in many ways. When using a pen drive, take special care not to transmit the virus.





Use of pen drive in school: -


A pen drive can be used to store information.

Their knowledge can be updated by presenting information like pictures, video clips, audio clips etc. downloaded from the internet in the pen drive in the classroom. Bookish knowledge alone cannot be limited.


The pen drive can be used to store the school's cultural program, photographs, video recordings, etc., and demonstrate them to other students in the future.

Pen drives can be used more easily than CDs or DVDs.

You tube downloader You tube downloader is a kind of application through which you can download every video on you tube in any format (3 GP, MP3, MP-4, WMP FLV) d. ત. keepvide, vdowloader

CD / DVD::

In today's age of technology it has become necessary to collect information while devices like CD / DVD have also become indispensable for collecting information in education. Which is used to achieve a specific purpose at the right time in the class.


DVD: - Use of DIGITAL VERSATILE DISKCD / DVD in education: -


CDs are used to store information. CD information can only be read but not rewritten. · CDs can also be used for the release of games, movies, animations, etc. · CDs have a storage capacity of 700GB.

The entire encyclopedia can be stored on the CD. · While the DVD is used as mentioned above on the CD. But its storage capacity is very high. · DVD storage capacity is 4.7GB. · CD and DVD are cheaper and more easily manipulated than any other device.

Printer

We usually feed the information into the computer and want to print it. A unit connected to a computer to print or print information is called a printer. A wide variety of printers are currently available in the market. There were black and white printers some time ago but now coloring printers are available. Such as laser printers, inkjet printers, dot matrix printers, line printers etc. can be included. Nowadays laser printers are becoming more useful.

Scanner

The scanner is one of the input tools. The scanner can be used to scan any small information and display it on the screen magnified. The modern scanner converts 4800 dots per square inch into different digits. Researchers have also made hand scanners 

IMPORTANT LINK::

STD 6 TO 8 SOCIAL SCIENCE pp

STD 6 OFFLINE APP

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Wednesday, September 9, 2020

Download standard 8 sva adhyyan pothi sem 1 & 2 all subject

The children were given a right to get educated. The law envisaged by the state should not convert such a right into a duty. The compulsion to educate children is on the state and not on the children or their parents. It may be a moral duty on their part, but legally speaking, it is the duty of the state. It is well indicated by 86th Amendment to the Constitution by which Article 51A (k) has been incorporated where another fundamental duty is added stating ‘a parent or guardian to provide opportunities for education to his child or, as the case may be, ward between the age of six and fourteen years’. After much delay and several deliberations the bill is passed and notified. Though the Education is in concurrent list of the Constitution giving states an equal role, the real power is concentrated more in Center. While the government schools are day by day starved by lack of financial support, the private schools have expanded their existence even in rural areas. The financial capacity alone would decide the quality of education of the child, practically leaving no choice for them. The dream of equitable and equal education under Common School System may remain a dream within the present scenario.

Here is RTE Act. Compulsary to All School Teacher Detail in School Notice Board. Here is Excel Base Teacher Profile for Helping you on Gunotsav.
This all news are taken from Various Social Media Like Facebook WhatsApp etc As per these news, or study matrials, or informations you are Know Very Useful Educational News For Gujarat Teacher, Head Teacher, Principal, CRC, BRC and Other. this news are very helpful for TET, TAT, HTAT and other exams.
Right to Education for children between 6-14 years is guaranteed by law. But today in India officially 13 states and according to NGOs 22 states did not initiate process of implementation. By April 1, 2011 only six states and seven Union Territories notified the Act and made rules that too in the last quarter of the year. The law designated National Commission for Protection of Child Rights as monitoring agency, but it lacks any power to do justice. There is a shortage of teachers in our country and which has not been looked upon yet. Provision of free and compulsory education to all children until they complete the age of 14 years is a Directive Principle of State policy of the Constitution. Right to education is not stated expressly as a fundamental right in Part III. Thus Court has, however, not followed the rule that unless a right is expressly stated as a fundamental right, it cannot be treated as one. Freedom of press is not expressly mentioned in part III, yet it has been read into and inferred from the freedom of speech and expression and from Article 21 more particularly.


Imparting primary education was left to the parents till 2002, though it was part of directive principle of state policy. In Unnikrishnan Vs State of Andhra Pradesh, the Supreme Court elevated the status of right to primary education from a mere directive principle of state policy to the fundamental right. The apex court chose to overrule its own judgment in Unnikrishnan case in T.M.A. Pai Foundation v State of Karnataka where it held that primary education is a fundamental right. While the state assumed the responsibility of imparting primary education to all children of 6-14 age group, the higher education is thrown open to private institutions. It found a difference in the context of private institutions that are charging capitation fees from the students.  Article 21A is added by 86th Amendment Act in 2002, which says: “The State shall provide free and compulsory Education to all children of the age of six to fourteen years “ .The Supreme Court gave a very clear suggestion in Unnikrishnan judgment in 1993, that education was a fundamental right for all children up to 14 years. Though it is a very positive and progressive step to guarantee the fundamental right to education the modalities and substantial aspect of it are totally left to the discretion of the state which has to make law to fulfill this obligation.
IMPORTANT LINK:
Standard-8
Semester – 1
MathsEnglishGujaratiHindi
Semester – 2
MathsEnglishGujaratiHindi
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Download standard 7 sva adhyyan pothi sem 1 & 2 all subject

Swa Adhyayan Pothi For Standard 6 to 8 All Subject PDF is that which informs. In other words, it is the answer to a question of some kind. It is thus related to data and knowledge, as data represents values attributed to parameters, and knowledge signifies understanding of real things or abstract concepts. As it regards data, the information's existence is not necessarily coupled to an observer (it exists beyond an event horizon, for example), while in the case of knowledge, the information requires a cognitive observer.


Right to Education for children between 6-14 years is guaranteed by law. But today in India officially 13 states and according to NGOs 22 states did not initiate process of implementation. By April 1, 2011 only six states and seven Union Territories notified the Act and made rules that too in the last quarter of the year. The law designated National Commission for Protection of Child Rights as monitoring agency, but it lacks any power to do justice. There is a shortage of teachers in our country and which has not been looked upon yet. Provision of free and compulsory education to all children until they complete the age of 14 years is a Directive Principle of State policy of the Constitution. Right to education is not stated expressly as a fundamental right in Part III. Thus Court has, however, not followed the rule that unless a right is expressly stated as a fundamental right, it cannot be treated as one. Freedom of press is not expressly mentioned in part III, yet it has been read into and inferred from the freedom of speech and expression and from Article 21 more particularly.
Among the international conventions, the Child Rights Convention of 1989 emphasizes the right to education as a basic requirement to protect the childhood and prevent the economic exploitation of the children . In Bandhu Mukti Morcha v. Union of India, and M.C. Mehta v. State of Tamilnadu India’s commitment to the Child Rights Convention was referred to by the Supreme Court.
Imparting primary education was left to the parents till 2002, though it was part of directive principle of state policy. In Unnikrishnan Vs State of Andhra Pradesh, the Supreme Court elevated the status of right to primary education from a mere directive principle of state policy to the fundamental right. The apex court chose to overrule its own judgment in Unnikrishnan case in T.M.A. Pai Foundation v State of Karnataka where it held that primary education is a fundamental right. While the state assumed the responsibility of imparting primary education to all children of 6-14 age group, the higher education is thrown open to private institutions. It found a difference in the context of private institutions that are charging capitation fees from the students.  Article 21A is added by 86th Amendment Act in 2002, which says: “The State shall provide free and compulsory Education to all children of the age of six to fourteen years “ .The Supreme Court gave a very clear suggestion in Unnikrishnan judgment in 1993, that education was a fundamental right for all children up to 14 years. Though it is a very positive and progressive step to guarantee the fundamental right to education the modalities and substantial aspect of it are totally left to the discretion of the state which has to make law to fulfill this obligation.
IMPORTANT LINK:
Standard-7
Semester – 1
MathsEnglishGujaratiHindi
Semester – 2
MathsEnglishGujaratiHindi
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